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Enchondroma (Benign Cartilage Tumor) Print


Enchondroma is a benign cartilaginous tumor seen in bone. Enchondroma occurs and grows in childhood. Often times, enchondroma stops growing and become silent in adulthood

What ages and which bones is the enchodroma seen?

Enchondroma is seen between the ages 10 and 20 years. Enchondroma is common in tubular bones of hand and foot. It may also be seen in humerus, femur. When enchondroma is seen in a single bone its risk of transforming into malign form is very seldom. If more than one enchondroma is seen like Olier Syndrome and Mafucci Syndrome, there is more risk of maling transformation.

What are the clinical finding of enchondroma?

When enchondrome located in hand or foot tubuar bones, deformities, pathological fractures and pain can be observed. Enchondrome if not complicated with fracture is generally painless. However, if there is pain, one need to rule out the malign transformation.

How can enchondroma be diagnosed?

Enchondroma is diagnosed incidentally in radiographs taken for another reason. MR and Bone Scan can be done to confirm the diagnosis. Bone scan shows normal or minimally increased uptake In most cases, radiological examination will be sufficient for diagnosis. Orthopedic Surgeon rarely may require additional tests and bone biopsy.

How can the enchondroma be treated?

Silent Enchondroma cases without any symptoms do not require any treatment in most of the cases. However, when it is first diagnosed, enchome is followed for a couple years to see whether it is inactive. If there is malign transformation, pathological fractures and deformities, surgical treatment is applied. Tumor is removed and the cavity is filled with bone greft. Cases transformed to chondrosarcoma are treated with en-bloc resection.

If you wish to make an appointment or toask about your disease, you may e-mail us.

Anahtar kelimeler: enkondrom, enkondromatosis, enchondroma, iyi huylu kıkırdak tümörü, el kemikleri kıkırdak tümörü, ortopedi uzmanı

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